The Nigeria Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2022 shows that poor people in Nigeria experience over one quarter of all possible deprivations.
Sixty-five percent of multidimensionally poor people — 86.1 million — live in the North, while 35% — nearly 47 million — live in the South.
A significant portion of this poor population are deprived of clean cooking fuel, adequate sanitation and access to healthcare.
Poverty manifests not just in lack of income, but also in the lack of basic amenities such as access to healthcare, education, water and adequate sanitation, clean cooking fuels.
62.9% of people — nearly 133 million people — are multidimensionally poor, meaning that they experience deprivations in more than one dimension, or in at least 26% of weighted deprivations.
Over a fifth of poor people experience deprivations in at least half of the dimensions or weighted indicators.
The poorest districts also have the highest intensity of poverty—each poor person is deprived in 51% of the weighted MPI indicators in Kebbi South and Bayelsa West.
Multidimensional poverty is higher in rural areas, where 72.0% of people are poor, compared to 42.0% of people in urban areas. Approximately 70% of Nigeria’s population live in rural areas, yet these areas are home to 80% of poor people.
The intensity of poverty in rural areas is also higher, at 41.9%, compared to 36.9% in urban areas
Understand how the different indicators contribute to multidimensional poverty in each State and to the overall National Multidimensional Poverty Index
Understand how Education, Health, Living Standards, Work and Shocks contribute to Multidimensional Poverty across the Country.
More than one quarter (26.3%) of Nigerians are multidimensionally poor and live in a household with a child between the ages of 6 and 15 that is not attending school
Half of the Nigerian population (50.6%) are multidimensionally poor and use dung, wood, or charcoal as their main cooking fuel.
Over 1 out of every 8 (13.0%) Nigerians are multidimensionally poor and live in a household where no member 15 years and above has completed primary school
Check out detailed information about other poverty index from the options below.
Check out the focused measured of poverty and deprivations for children under 5.
View the full analysis of the extent of monetary poverty in Nigeria.
Nigeria Poverty Map (NPM) is an interactive dashboard that provides up-to-date insights on how different poverty indicators contribute to poverty in Nigeria
Living Standard Dimension
Work & Shock Dimension
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